In spite of the higher energetic input, mesocarnivores do not com

In spite of the higher energetic input, mesocarnivores do not completely track rabbits’ activity pattern. JQEZ5 They rather track rodents’ activity. We propose that these systems have probably evolved towards a situation where some degree of activity during high-risk periods benefits the overall prey population survival, while the accessibility to sufficient prey prevents predators to completely track them.”
“In toxicology studies, the use of death as an endpoint often fails to capture the effects a pollutant has on disruptions of ecosystem services by changing an animal’s behavior. Many toxicants can cause population extinctions of insect

species at concentrations well below the EC(25), EC(50), or EC(90) concentrations traditionally reported from short-term bioassays. A surprising number of species cannot detect metal and metalloid contamination, and do not always avoid food with significant metal concentrations. This frequently

leads to modified ingestion, locomotor, and reproductive behaviors. For example, some species show a tendency to increase locomotor behaviors to escape from locations with elevated metal pollution, whereas other insects greatly decrease all movements unrelated to feeding. Still others exhibit behaviors resulting in increased susceptibility to predation, including a positive phototaxis causing immatures to move to exposed positions. For purposes of reproduction, the inability to avoid even moderately Sapitinib polluted sites when ovipositing can lead to egg loss and reduced fitness of offspring. Ultimately, impaired behaviors result

in a general reduction in population sizes and species diversity at contaminated sites, the exceptions being those species tolerating contamination that become dominant. Regardless, ecosystem services, such as herbivory, detritus reduction, or food production for higher trophic levels, are disrupted. This review evaluates the effects of metal and metalloid pollution on insect behaviors in both terrestrial AG-881 concentration and aquatic systems reported in a diverse literature scattered across many scientific disciplines. Behaviors are grouped by ingestion, taxis, and oviposition. We conclude that understanding how insect behavior is modified is necessary to assess the full scope and importance of metal and metalloid contamination.”
“NF90 was shown to exhibit broad antiviral activity against several viruses, but detailed mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we examined the molecular basis for the inhibitory effect of NF90 on virus replication mediated through protein kinase (PKR)-associated translational regulation. We first verified the interaction between NF90 and PKR in mammalian cells and showed that NF90 interacts with PKR through its C-terminal and that the interaction is independent of NF90 RNA-binding properties.

83 MoM) but not in late-PE (0 96 MoM) In both early- and late-PE

83 MoM) but not in late-PE (0.96 MoM). In both early- and late-PE serum PAPP-A (0.55 and 0.84 MoM) was reduced and uterine artery PI (1.61 and 1.25 MoM) was increased. In PE pregnancies there was a significant association between serum PP13 and both uterine artery PI and serum PAPP-A (p < 0.0001 for both). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that serum PP13 did not improve Significantly the prediction of early-PE provided by a combination of maternal factors, uterine artery PI and PAPP-A.\n\nConclusion PP13 is implicated in the pathogenesis of impaired placentation and subsequent development

of early-PE but measurement Emricasan in vivo of this placental product is unlikely to be useful in screening selleck products for the disease at

11-13 weeks. Copyright (C) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“Background: Isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) from the clinical specimens of patients with suspected TB remains the gold standard for diagnosis of TB. However, false-positive MTB cultures can occur as a result of laboratory contamination.\n\nMethods: After reviewing the medical records of 400 TB cases identified during January 2008 to January 2009 by the infection control unit of a university-affiliated hospital in Taipei, Taiwan, five patients were considered as clinically suspected false-positive cases and were referred to a mycobacteriology laboratory for confirmation. Spoligotyping and mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable number tandem repeat analyses were performed for all the suspected isolates and all other isolates cultured on the same day as the five suspected isolates.\n\nResults: Three cases were confirmed as false-positive culture cases based on the laboratory investigation. The culture from one of these cases (index case 1) grew multidrug-resistant TB. Another patient (index case 2) received an extended course of anti-TB treatment after he was considered to have failed treatment because of the false-positive

MTB culture result. No anti-TB medication was given for index case 3. All three cases with false-positive cultures had only one positive culture specimen among multiple consecutive specimens submitted for cultures. SelleckIPI145 In addition, specimens of the false-positive cultures were all negative for acid-fast smears.\n\nConclusions: False-positive MTB cultures should be suspected in the following situations: when growth is observed on only one specimen among multiple specimens submitted; when it is positive in only one culture medium, especially in broth; or when there is only one specimen submitted. False-positive MTB cultures can be further confirmed with modern molecular typing techniques. CHEST 2010; 137(5):1065-1070″
“Background: Previous studies have used electrical neuromuscular stimulation as a physical training method in patients with severe COPD.


Activity this website in human primary visual cortex (V1) reflects the perceived rather than the physical

size of objects, indicating an involvement of V1 in illusory size perception. Here we investigate the role of eye-specific signals in two common size illusions in order to provide further information about the mechanisms underlying illusory size perception.\n\nResults: We devised stimuli so that an object and its spatial context associated with illusory size perception could be presented together to one eye or separately to two eyes. We found that the Ponzo illusion had an equivalent magnitude whether the objects and contexts were presented to the same or different eyes, indicating that it may be largely mediated by binocular neurons. In contrast, the Ebbinghaus illusion became much weaker when objects and their contexts were presented to different eyes, indicating important contributions to the illusion from monocular neurons early Screening Library datasheet in the visual pathway.\n\nConclusions: Our findings show that two well-known size illusions

– the Ponzo illusion and the Ebbinghaus illusion – are mediated by different neuronal populations, and suggest that the underlying neural mechanisms associated with illusory size perception differ and can be dependent on monocular channels in the early visual pathway.”
“A series of novel 5-(3-aryl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-2-(3-butyl-1-chloroimidazo[1,5-a]- pyridin-7-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives has been synthesized from 3-butyl-1-chloroimidazo[1,5-a]pyridine-7-carboxylic acid and ethyl 3-aryl-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate. The compounds were characterized using IR, H-1 NMR, HRMS and UV vis absorption. The fluorescence spectral characteristics

of the compounds in dichloromethane were investigated. The results showed that absorption lambda(max) and emission lambda(max) was less correlated with substituent groups on N-1 position BIX 01294 research buy of pyrazole moiety and para position of benzene moiety. The calculated molecular orbital correlates well with their absorption. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) for greater saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency is a relatively new method of treatment only recently made available in Iran. This is the first long-term randomized trial comparing EVLT with high ligation of saphenous vein (HLS) in the Iranian population. Sixty-five patients met the inclusion criteria and were divided into homogenous treatment groups of EVLT (n = 30) or HLS (n = 35). Clinical severity, etiology, anatomy, pathophysiology (CEAP) classification and Aberdeen Varicose Vein Symptom Severity Scores (AVSS) were used to determine disease severity and symptoms before and after the procedure in both groups. Outcome was measured by the rate of recurrence as shown in Doppler ultrasonography evaluation. Follow-up was conducted 1 week and 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after the intervention. The occlusion rate of GSV was similar in both groups (93.6 % for EVLT, 88.

A lawsuit was filed after birth requesting the baby be registered

A lawsuit was filed after birth requesting the baby be registered with the biological parents name. The judge granted the request based on evidence and testimonies provided, international jurisprudence history and specification in Article 19 of the Argentine Constitution: “No inhabitant of the Nation shall be obliged to do what the law does not demand. nor be deprived of what it does not prohibit”. This is an almost ideal example of the proceedings in a case of subrogation. However, we must always bear in mind the fact that in our country there is as yet no regulatory

framework for these treatments, therefore there is a high probability of conflict.”
“AimsThe significance and pathogenesis of irregular or asynchronous maturation within Fer-1 purchase endometrial glands remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in epithelial hormone receptor immunoreactivity and stromal cell calretinin, CD34 and p16 expression in morphologically normal secretory endometrium and in asynchronous (non-secretory) endometrial glands (AEGs). Methods and resultsNineteen consecutive Selleckchem GKT137831 endometrial

specimens showing AEGs were examined. The mean age of the patients was 42.8years, and the most common presenting symptom was menorrhagia. Immunohistological expression of oestrogen receptor (ER) , of ER and of progesterone receptor (PR) were compared in normal secretory glands and in AEGs. Stromal cell expression of calretinin, CD34 and p16 was also investigated. In contrast to normal secretory glands, the epithelial cells lining AEGs were usually ER/PR-positive and showed significantly increased ER expression. Altered calretinin and CD34 expression HDAC inhibitor within functional layer stromal cells was seen in five and two cases, respectively, but there were no differences

in stromal cell immunoreactivity around AEGs. ConclusionsThe most common clinical symptom associated with AEGs in this study was menorrhagia. Aberrant hormone receptor expression in AEGs suggests a localized, possibly clonal, defect in epithelial maturation. There were no immunophenotypic changes to suggest that AEGs are related to a primary endometrial stromal deficiency.”
“Inflammation is a biologic process that mediates tissue effects including vasodilation, hyperemia, edema, collagenolysis, and cell proliferation through complex immunologic pathways. In regard to the ovary, inflammation has key physiologic roles in ovarian folliculogenesis and ovulation. On the other hand, inflammatory processes are subject to underlying pathology and, if pushed, proinflammatory conditions may have a negative impact on ovarian follicular dynamics. Obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) serve as examples of conditions associated with chronic endogenous production of low-grade proinflammatory cytokines. Both conditions negatively impact ovarian folliculogenesis and ovulation.

Methods – We examined the expression of endogenous markers of

\n\nMethods – We examined the expression of endogenous markers of mitotic activity, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and vimentin as a marker for neuronal progenitor cells, if any, in the adult rat cortex after spreading depression stimulation. Immunohistochemical analysis JIB-04 was also performed using antibodies for proliferating cell nuclear antigen, for vimentin, and for nestin. Nestin is a marker for activity dividing neural precursors.\n\nResults – At the end of spreading depression (Day 0), glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive cells in the subpial zone and cortical Layer I demonstrated increased mitotic activity, expressing vimentin and nestin.

On Day 1, nestin(+) cells were found spreading in deeper cortical layers. On Day 3, vimentin(-)/nestin(+), neural precursor-like cells appeared in cortical Layers V to VI. On Day 6, new immature neurons appeared in cortical Layers V to VI. Induced spreading selleck chemical depression evokes cell division of astrocytes residing in the subpial zone, generating neural precursor-like cells.\n\nConclusions – Although neural precursor-like cells found in cortical Layers V to VI might have been transferred from the germinative zone rather than the cortical subpial zone, astrocytic cells in the subpial zone may be potent neural progenitors that can help to reconstruct impaired central nervous system tissue. Special caution is required

when observing or treating spreading depression waves accompanying pathological conditions in the brain. (Stroke. 2009; 40: e606-e613.)”
“Purpose: To test the hypothesis that radiation dose to F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (F-18-FDG-PET)-defined active bone marrow (BMACT) subregions is correlated with hematologic toxicity in cervical cancer patients treated with chemoradiotherapy.\n\nMethods and Materials: The conditions of 26 women with cervical cancer who underwent F-18-FDG-PET before treatment with concurrent cisplatin and intensity-modulated radiation therapy

were analyzed. BMACT was defined as the subregion of total bone marrow (BMTOT) with a standardized uptake CA3 ic50 value (SUV) equal to or above the mean for that individual. Inactive bone marrow (BMINACT) was defined as BMTOT – BMACT. Generalized linear modeling was used to test the correlation between BMACT and BMINACT dose-volume metrics and hematologic nadirs, particularly white blood cell count (WBC) and absolute neutrophil count (ANC).\n\nResults: Increased BMACT mean dose was significantly associated with decreased log(WBC) nadir (beta = -0.04; 95% CI, -0.07to -0.01; p = 0.009), decreased log(ANC) nadir (beta = -0.05; 95% CI, -0.08 to -0.02; p = 0.006), decreased hemoglobin nadir (beta = -0.16; 95% CI, 0.27 to 0.05; p = 0.010), and decreased platelet nadir (beta = 6.16; 95% CI, 9.37 to -2.96; p < 0.001). By contrast, there was no association between BMINACT mean dose and log(WBC) nadir (beta = -0.01; 95% CI, -0.

In this article, we employ a clinical case to illustrate how vari

In this article, we employ a clinical case to illustrate how various stressors disrupted the balance between pain and opioid-facilitated analgesia. This disruption resulted in excessive use of short-acting opioids to treat pain with ensuing allostatic overload and culmination in chronic suicidal ideation with a suicide attempt. Sublingual buprenorphine was selected to treat the opioid use disorder. We propose that the unique pharmacodynamics of this drug served to stabilize dysregulated neural

circuits, neurotransmitters, and neuropeptides, allowing the mitigation of pain, assuaging opioid cravings, easing depression, and resolving suicidal ideation. To our knowledge, this is the first MI-503 case report to describe the possible anti-suicidal effect of sublingual buprenorphine.”
“Purpose of review The first-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), gefitinib and erlotinib, are effective as first-line treatment of advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring activating EGFR mutations (deletions in exon 19 and exon

21 L858R mutation). 3-deazaneplanocin A mouse EGFR T790M resistance mutation (EGFR(T790M)) ultimately emerged in most of these patients. The second and third-generation EGFR-TKIs were designed to have more potent inhibition of EGFR and to overcome EGFR(T790M). This review describes the recent developments of these novel EGFR-TKIs. Recent findings The second-generation EGFR-TKIs, afatinib and dacomitinib, irreversibly bind to the tyrosine kinase of EGFR and other ErbB-family members. Afatinib has been approved as Vorinostat clinical trial first-line treatment of advanced NSCLC harboring activating EGFR mutations. Dacomitinib is under development. Third-generation EGFR-TKIs, AZD9291, CO-1686, and HM61713, inhibit both EGFR activating and resistance mutations, while sparing wild-type EGFR. In early-phase studies, these drugs demonstrated promising response rates against tumors with acquired EGFR(T790M). Summary Second-generation EGFR-TKI, afatinib, is available as first-line treatment

of advanced NSCLC harboring activating EGFR mutations. Third-generation EGFR-TKIs are under development for tumors harboring acquired EGFR(T790M).”
“BackgroundPreservatives are important and frequent skin sensitizers, found in a wide range of products for personal and occupational use. According to the European legislation, some cosmetic ingredients are restricted in terms of quantity and a detailed list of ingredients must be present on the product or packaging. ObjectivesTo examine the use of preservatives in common cosmetics on the Israeli market. Materials/MethodsSixty different Israeli brand cosmetics, including shampoos, liquid soaps, body creams and hand creams were randomly selected. Ingredient labels were examined.

Second, we apply the mentioned measures combined with other well-

Second, we apply the mentioned measures combined with other well-known descriptors to supervised machine find more learning methods for predicting Ames mutagenicity. Moreover, we investigate the influence of our topological descriptors – measures for only unlabeled vs. measures for labeled graphs – on the prediction performance of the underlying graph classification problem.\n\nConclusions: Our study demonstrates that the application of entropic measures to molecules representing

graphs is useful to characterize such structures meaningfully. For instance, we have found that if one extends the measures for determining the structural information content of unlabeled graphs to labeled graphs, the uniqueness of the resulting indices is higher. Because measures to structurally characterize labeled graphs are clearly underrepresented so far, the further development of selleck compound such methods might be valuable and fruitful for solving problems within biological network analysis.”
“The morphology of inflorescences

is regulated in part by the temporal and spatial events that regulate flower specification. In Arabidopsis, an endogenous flowering time pathway mediated by a subset of SQUAMOSA PROMOTER-BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE (SPL) transcription factors, including SPL3, SPL4, and SPL5, function to specify flowers by activating floral meristem identity genes. During shoot development, SPL3, SPL4, and SPL5 are post-transcriptionally regulated by microRNA156 (miR156). The photoperiod regulated florigenic signal, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), promotes floral induction, in part by activating SPL3, SPL4, and

SPL5. In turn, these SPLs function in parallel with FT to specify flower meristems. Two related BELL1-like homeobox genes PENNYWISE (PNY) and POUND-FOOLISH (PNF) expressed in the shoot apical meristem are absolutely required for the specification of floral meristems. Genetic studies show that the floral specification function of FT depends upon PNY and PNF; however, the interplay between these homeodomain proteins and SPLs is not known. learn more In this manuscript, we show that the photoperiodic floral induction of SPL3, SPL4, and SPL5 is dependent upon PNY and PNF. Further, PNY and PNF also control SPL3, SPL4, and SPL5 expression by negatively regulating miR156. Lastly, ectopic expression of SPL4 partially rescues the pny pnf non-flower-producing phenotype, while overexpression of SPL3 or SPL5 in pny pnf plants was unable to restore flower specification. These results suggest that: (1) SPL3, SPL4, and SPL5 function is dependent upon PNY and PNF, or (2) expression of multiple SPLs is required for floral specification in pny pnf plants.”
“Supraglacial terrain, such as that found in the Himalayas, is typically composed of snow, ice, ice-mixed-debris (IMD) and debris. This letter presents a methodology for systematic discrimination and mapping of these supraglacial cover types using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data.

The obtained values of gamma pointed out the diffuse phase transf

The obtained values of gamma pointed out the diffuse phase transformation in highly doped BaTiO3 samples. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.”
“Structure-property relationships of polymeric materials require careful characterization of macromolecular properties. In this work we use 2-dimensional chromatography, coupling temperature gradient interaction AZD9291 in vitro and size exclusion chromatography, as well as density functional theory calculations to clarify that when

poly(styryl)lithium anions are reacted with stringently purified C-60, stars with greater than six arms can be attained, in contrast to prior reports. We attribute this apparent contradiction to the limited ability of size exclusion chromatography to separate polymers having branched architectures. These results BIIB057 manufacturer clarify the chemistry of anionically modified fullerenes and also show that more sophisticated separation techniques are necessary when characterizing architecturally complex polymers.”
“Colorectal cancer remains a major cause

of morbidity and mortality in the United States. The advent of molecular therapies targeted against specific, stereotyped cellular mutations that occur in this disease has ushered in new hope for treatment options. However, key questions regarding optimal dosing schedules, dosing duration, and patient selection remain unanswered. In this review, we describe how recent advances in molecular imaging, specifically optical

molecular imaging with fluorescent probes, offer potential solutions to these questions. We begin with an overview of optical molecular imaging, including discussions on the various methods of design for fluorescent probes and the clinically relevant imaging systems that have been built to image them. We then focus on the relevance of optical molecular imaging to colorectal cancer. We review the most recent data on how this imaging modality has been applied to the measurement of treatment efficacy for currently available as well as developmental molecularly targeted therapies. We then conclude with a discussion on how this imaging approach has already begun to be translated clinically for human use.”
“The study contributes with a first survey of pharmaceuticals in municipal wastewaters discharging into fresh and estuarine waters from areas with varying degrees of urbanization of Argentina. Analyses were done on the soluble fraction by HPLC-MS after SPE extraction. In all of the samples were detected caffeine and ibuprofen within the range of 0.9-44.2 and 0.4-13.0 mu g/L, and lower levels of carbamazepine, atenolol and diclofenac between 0.2-2.3, 0.2-1.7 and < 0.03-1.2 mu g/L, respectively. Profiles of compounds were similar in all studied locations.

These were compared with a nearby forest soil sample, an artifici

These were compared with a nearby forest soil sample, an artificial tank (amber bottle), and a commercially available species (Aechmea). Bacterial community diversity, as measured

by 16S rRNA analysis and tRFLP, showed a significant positive correlation with tank pH. A majority of 16S rRNA bacterial phylotypes found in association with acidic bromeliad tanks of pH < 5.1 were affiliated with the Alphaproteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Planctomycetes, and Bacteroidetes, and were similar to those found in acidic peat bogs, yet distinct from the underlying soil community. In contrast, bromeliads with tank pH > 5.3, including the commercial bromeliad with

the highest pH (6.7), Selleckchem Akt inhibitor were dominated by Betaproteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteroidetes. To empirically determine the effect of pH on bacterial community, the tank pH of a specimen of Aechmea was depressed, in the field, from 6.5 to 4.5, for 62 days. The resulting community changed predictably with decreased abundance of Betaproteobacteria and Firmicutes and a concomitant increase in Lonafarnib chemical structure Alphaproteobacteria and Acidobacteria. Collectively, these results suggest that bromeliad tanks provide important habitats for a diverse microbial community, distinct from the surrounding environment, which are influenced greatly by acid-base conditions. Additionally, total organic carbon (similar to 46%) and nitrogen (similar to 2%) of bromeliad-impounded sediment AZD6244 price was elevated relative to soil and gene surveys confirmed the presence of both chitinases and nitrogenases, suggesting that bromeliad tanks may provide important habitats for microbes involved in the biological cycling of carbon and nitrogen in tropical forests.”
“Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) is a chromosomal breakage disorder with characteristic physical features, chromosomal instability, and combined immunodeficiency. It is closely related to

other chromosomal breakage disorders like ataxia telangiectasia. Noninfectious granulomatous inflammation refractory to treatment is a relatively common feature in ataxia telangiectasia. Herein we report a patient with NBS who developed chronic refractory necrotizing granulomatous ulcerations and review the pathophysiology of NBS and noninfectious granulomas in primary immunodeficiency syndromes.”
“The decomposition and release of nutrients from plant residues can play an important role in the maintenance of soil fertility in semi-arid regions. Thus this study aimed to evaluate the rate of decomposition of dry matter (DM) and the release of carbon (C) and nutrients from plant mixtures used as green manure in the Brazilian Semi-arid regions.

“Red pigment concentrating hormone (RPCH) is a member of t

“Red pigment concentrating hormone (RPCH) is a member of the chromatophorotropic hormones and, in crustaceans, it is synthesized in the eyestalk. We have isolated a full-length cDNA for a RPCH preprohormane gene (Scyol-RPCH) from the eyestalks of female mud crabs, Scylla olivacea.

HKI-272 The open reading frame consists of 642 nucleotides, and encodes a deduced 108 amino acid precursor protein, which includes a signal peptide, the RPCH (pQLNESPGWamide), and an associated peptide. We show that the mud crab RPCH peptide exhibits 100% identity with 15 other decapods. Expression of Scyol-RPCH within adult mud crab takes place in the eyestalk, brain, and ventral nerve cord, comprising subesophageal ganglion, thoracic ganglion, and abdominal ganglion. In situ hybridization demonstrates SN-38 DNA Damage inhibitor specific expression within neuronal clusters

1, 2, 3, and 4 of the eyestalk X-organ, clusters 6, 8, 9, 10, and 17 of the brain, and in neuronal clusters of the ventral nerve cord. We found that administration of 5-HT up-regulates RPCH gene expression in the eyestalk, suggesting that RPCH may play a role as a downstream hormone of 5-HT. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Aim: To investigate the influence of low androgen levels and high-fat diet on the structure of pituitary and penis in male rats. Methods: Ten-week-old adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups, one fed a high-fat diet the other fed a normal diet; each group consisted of 3 subgroups: controls, castrated rats (with low androgen), and castrated rats given undecanoate replenishment. After 11 weeks, the structure of pituitary and penis were observed under light microcopy. Immunohistochemistry

was used to assess the expression of FSH in pituitary and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in corpora cavernosa penis. Results: The structures of pituitary and CBL0137 penis in castrated rats were injured, and were more damaged in castration together with high-fat diet. Immunohistochemistry showed FSH expression in castrated rats pituitary while castrated rats on a high-fat diet had less positive staining than those on a normal diet. Vascular structure of corpora cavernosa penis, showed a strongly positive COX-2 expression in high-fat diet rats. Conclusions: Castration and high-fat diet could induce structural damages of pituitary and penis in male rats. Replacement with testosterone could partially restore the impaired structure. The positive expression of COX-2 implied inflammatory pathway existence on vascular structure of penis in high-fat diet and low-androgen male rats. (J. Endocrinol. Invest. 34: 111-116, 2011) (C)2011, Editrice Kurtis”
“The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, which mediates toxic responses to environmental pollutants, such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds.