Additionally, it was shown that [C(12)mim][BF4] could be recycled

Additionally, it was shown that [C(12)mim][BF4] could be recycled and reused after simple purification and had no effect on the living nature of polymerization. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 122: 3298-3302, 2011″
“Background: Blebbistatin solubility dmso Ventricular assist devices (VADs) are used in cases of heart failure refractory to medical therapy. Most VADs are used as a bridge to heart transplantation; however, in certain cases, myocardial function recovers and VADs can be explanted after the patient is weaned. The objectives of this study were to describe

patients who required Heartmate II VAD insertion, followed by myocardial recovery and explanation in a quaternary heart centre.

Methods: Patients who had a VAD explanted were identified in the mechanical support institutional database

and their outcomes were analyzed. Clinical examinations, biochemical markers, and serial echocardiograms were used to demonstrate myocardial recovery.

Results: Seventeen patients had a Heartmate II VAD inserted between 2008 and 2010. Four patients underwent successful weaning and subsequent VAD explantation. Etiology of decompensated heart failure was idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (n = 1), ischemic (n = 1), or myocarditis (n = 2). Mean age was 35.3 years. Patients were supported for 213 days (range 70-293 days) and were in New York Heart Association class I in the community before explantation. The devices were explanted via a minimally selleck screening library invasive approach, without cardiopulmonary Thiazovivin bypass. All patients survived explantation and were discharged alive from hospital after an average of 5.7 +/- 1.5 days post pump explantation. No adverse events were reported after explantation. Only one patient required allogenic blood transfusion after the procedure.

Conclusions: Patients requiring VAD support for myocardial failure can undergo significant reverse remodelling. Explantation can lead to optimal outcome with minimal morbidity. Methods for assessment of reverse remodelling, weaning protocol, and optimal timing of explantation remain under evaluation.”

stigma/style cysteine-rich adhesin (SCA), a plant lipid transfer protein (LTP) which is secreted into the extracellular matrix, functions in pollen tube guidance in fertilization. A gain-of-function mutant (ltp5-1) for Arabidopsis LTP5, an SCA-like molecule, was recently shown to display defects in sexual reproduction. In the current study, it is reported that ltp5-1 plants have dwarfed primary shoots, delayed hypocotyl elongation, various abnormal tissue fusions, and display multibranching. These mutant phenotypes in vegetative growth are recessive. No abnormality was found in ltp5-1/+ plants. In a phylogenetic analysis of plant LTPs, SCA-like Arabidopsis LTPs were classified with conventional plant LTPs.

g greater economic hardship, lower subjective social standing, g

g. greater economic hardship, lower subjective social standing, greater perceived discrimination), lower perceived control of one’s life, and lower

self-regulation had higher perceived stress. Furthermore, a significant interaction was found suggesting a stress-buffering effect of personal control between subjective social standing and perceived stress. Interestingly, income status was not significantly related to perceived stress, while economic hardship, which assesses participants’ inability to meet basic expenses, was significantly associated with perceived stress. Future research should examine how to integrate the AA/NA teaching about powerlessness and its role in recovery with the importance of increased personal control and self-control in decreasing perceived stress. Implications for future research and substance abuse treatment are discussed. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Canine transmigration buy SN-38 is a rare dental anomaly unique to the mandibular arch, involving intraosseous migration of the unerupted tooth across the midline. Currently, there is a lack of consensus on the definition of transmigration. This report suggests a unified definition CYT387 ic50 of transmigration,

that being when a canine has crossed the midline by more than half its length. Numerous publications reporting mandibular canine transmigration therefore cannot be considered as being truly transmigrated. Here we undertake a comprehensive review of the literature, and report 4 new cases of transmigrated mandibular canines, 2 of which present with unique features. One case shows a vertically positioned transmigrated canine, whereas the other shows a horizontally transmigrated canine underlying an impacted canine. Furthermore, this cohort is the first to be reported in an Australian population. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010; 109: e46-e53)”
“Background: Patterns of drinking and alcohol problems change with age. However, few studies use multiple data points and detailed history spanning early adulthood selleck products to middle age. This study reports such data from 373

men in the San Diego Prospective Study. Methods: Data were generated at baseline (T1) at similar to age 20, and through face-to-face followup interviews similar to every 5 years in >90% of these eligible Caucasian and relatively higher educated men. Subjects were placed into 4 groups regarding their course: 62.5% with no alcohol use disorder (AUD); 17.2% with AUD onset <age 30 and a chronic course; 6.7% with onset >= age 30 and no recovery; and 13.7% with AUD onset <age 30 and maintained remission for >5 years before the 25-year followup. Results: On a univariate level, low level of response (LR) to alcohol, family history of AUDs, and higher Novelty Seeking at age similar to 20 predicted AUDs with onset before age 30 (mean age similar to 25), but among these only LR predicted later onset (mean age 38) as well.

Results Median PFS and OS for all patients were 5 8 months (95% C

Results Median PFS and OS for all patients were 5.8 months (95% Cl 3.5 to 9.2) and 54.4 months (95% Cl 0 to 109.2), respectively. The OS of patients with Stages I-Ill was 69.9 months (95% Cl 54.0 to 85.8), while that of patients with Stage IV was 8.6 months (95% Cl 0 to 23.3), which showed a statistically significant difference (p=0.01). In addition, among patients with Stage IV, the OS of patients who received a palliative treatment (immunotherapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy) was 18.4 months, which was higher than the OS of patients without treatment of 4.5 months.


CDC is a highly aggressive form of renal cell carcinoma. Despite most of the treatments, PFS and OS were short, however, there were some long-term survivors, therefore, conduct of additional selleck chemicals llc research on the predictive markers of the several clinical, pathological differences and their Napabucasin treatments will be necessary.”
“Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) has emerged as an important marker of ovarian reserve. Its variation throughout the cycle, however, may still be a matter of debate. The objective

of this study was to re-evaluate the intra-cycle fluctuations of AMH in individuals in a prospective clinical study with focus on the age-related effects on these fluctuations. Frequent blood samples were obtained from the mid-luteal phase of the first cycle to the mid-luteal phase of the second cycle in 44 healthy, regularly menstruating Caucasian women. Main outcome measures were individual fluctuations of AMH concentrations during the natural menstrual cycle. AMH concentrations exhibited large fluctuations throughout the cycle and did

not follow a defined pattern. Female age was negatively correlated with mean AMH concentrations. The absolute intra-individual variation was also negatively associated with age, whereas the relative intra-individual variation was positively associated with age. Although the fluctuation in relative intra-individual variation was higher in the older group, the absolute variation is very low and these fluctuations might therefore be of limited clinical relevance in this age group. These data show that in younger women caution should be exerted with Selleckchem ZD1839 the interpretation of a single randomly taken AMH measurement as a representative of ovarian reserve. (C) 2012, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“BACKGROUND: In the past decade, there has been a trend toward open reduction and internal fixation of unstable distal radial fractures. There are now more than thirty different implant designs specific for the fixation of distal radial fractures. A multicenter prospective study of a case series was conducted to determine the efficacy of the operative management of distal radial fractures stabilized with 2.4-mm locking plates.

METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients were entered into the study over a two-year period.

For the TPC, 245 78 mg GAE/g hull powder was obtained in ethanol

For the TPC, 245.78 mg GAE/g hull powder was obtained in ethanol with sonication time of 25 min and at 80% amplitude. These TMA and TPC yields obtained are respectively

45.6% and 8.8% higher (p<0.05) when compared NCT-501 concentration to those without ultrasonic treatment. The ultrasonic treatment is able to improve anthocyanin extraction more effectively than the total phenolics from mangosteen hull. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Dietary pattern analysis is a powerful technique to study the relationships between diet and cancer, accounting for the specificities of overall dietary intake in each setting. The objective of this study was to quantify the association between dietary patterns and colon and rectum cancers. We evaluated 151 rectum and 102 colon cancer cases selected among surgical patients at the Portuguese Oncology Institute, and 879 click here community controls. Dietary

intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were defined with principal components and cluster analyses. Age, sex, education, total energy intake, and physical activity-adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were computed. Three dietary patterns were identified: (i) PI: ‘healthy,’ high consumption of dairy products, wholegrain cereals, vegetables/salads, legumes, fruits and vegetable soup, and low intake of wine; (ii) PII: ‘low consumption of milk and foods containing dietary Selonsertib ic50 fiber,’ low intake of dairy products, vegetables/salads, legumes, and fruits; and (iii) PIII: ‘western,’

high consumption of red/processed meat, refined cereals, sugar and sweets, potatoes, alcoholic beverages, and low intake of wholegrain cereals and vegetable soup. Compared with PI, the risk of colon cancer was higher among subjects with PII (OR=2.07; 95% CI: 1.04-4.14) and PIII (OR=2.35; 95% CI: 1.19-4.64). The OR estimates for rectum cancer were 3.12 (95% CI: 1.74-5.61) and 1.41 (95% CI: 0.75-2.63), respectively. Our results confirm the higher risk of colorectal cancer among subjects with ‘western’ diets and ‘low consumption of milk and foods containing foods containing dietary fiber’. At a local level, these results support public health messages based on the accumulated evidence on the relationship between individual food items/groups and colorectal cancer. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 20: 389-395 (C) 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.”
“Purpose of review

Teen pregnancy has been subject of public concern for many years. In the United States, despite nearly 2 decades of declining teen pregnancy and birth rates, the problem persists, with significant disparities present across racial groups and in state-specific rates. This review examines recent trends, pregnancy prevention initiatives and family planning policies that address the special needs of vulnerable youth.

Conclusions: Unlike the pure I(kr) blocker, E-4031, bepridil exhi

Conclusions: Unlike the pure I(kr) blocker, E-4031, bepridil exhibited weak properties of reverse use-dependency and protected against sympathetic stimulation-induced VTA. It may be an effective supplemental treatment for recipients of implantable cardioverter defibrillator. (PACE 2010; 950-959).”
“Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a major complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). This study investigates the relationship between ED and the downregulation of constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) in the corpus cavernosum (CC) of diabetic rats. It also examines the effects of udenafil, a Raf phosphorylation phosphodiesterase

type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, on ED and cNOS expression levels. After 16 weeks of daily oral treatment with udenafil in diabetic rats, the intracavernous pressure/mean arterial pressure (ICP/MAP) ratio was recorded to measure erectile function, and cNOS expression was measured using reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR and immunoblots. Although the ICP/MAP ratio and the expression levels of endothelial NOS (eNOS) and neuronal NOS (nNOS) in the CC were markedly decreased in diabetic rats, long-term udenafil treatment improved the erectile function and increased cNOS expression compared with diabetic controls. These findings suggest SIS3 cell line that ED in DM is closely related to decreased cNOS expression in the CC and that udenafil has the ability to compensate for this pathological

change by modulating cNOS expression. Udenafil also has an inhibitory role in cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) degradation.”
“When a coherent light beam is scattered from a colloidal medium, in the observation plane, appears a random grainy image known as speckle pattern. The time evolution of this interference image carries information about the ensemble-averaged dynamics of the scatterer particles. selleck chemicals llc The aim

of this work was to evaluate the use of dynamic speckles as an alternative tool to monitoring frozen foams formulated with glucose and fructose syrups. Ice creams, after preparation and packing, were stored at 18 degrees C. Changes in properties of products were analyzed by speckle phenomena at three room temperatures (20 degrees C, 25 degrees C and 30 degrees C), minute by minute, during 50 min. Two moments were identified in which samples activity achieved significant levels. These instants were associated, respectively, to ice crystals melting and to air bubbles dissipation into the food matrix causing motion of diverse structures. As expected, ice crystals melting was first in formulations containing fructose syrup, but for same samples, air losses were delayed. Speckle methodology was satisfactory to observe temporal evolution of transient process, opening goods prospects to application, still incoming, in foodstuffs researches. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Method: Implanted defibrillator follow-up data were obtained retrospectively. Those with Medtronic OptiVol (Medtronic Inc.

1 J/kg K for a field change of 11 kOe is obtained near T-C Thus

1 J/kg K for a field change of 11 kOe is obtained near T-C. Thus a moderate magnetocaloric effect is achieved in rather low magnetic fields. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.3059592]“
“This study was designed to determine the effect of lavender and cinnamon oils on FtsZ gene expression in Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213. The cinnamon and lavender oils at least partially results from the inhibition of FtsZ transcription and disruption of cell division process at the level of the septum synthesis, what is similar to mechanisms of drug action used in anti-staphylococcal therapies. The presented results could be an important background HSP990 in vivo for the further detailed research, which is needed to clarify the

effect of essential oils AZ 628 order on FtsZ synthesis at the posttranscriptional level and other stages of cell division process of S. aureus and other pathogenic bacteria.”

investigate the association of 6 clinical features with outcome of dogs with generalized megaesophagus.

Design-Retrospective cohort study.

Animals-71 client-owned dogs with radiographic evidence of generalized esophageal dilation.

Procedures-Medical records were reviewed for data on signalment, age at onset of clinical signs, body weight, evidence of undernutrition, and the administration of drugs to treat or prevent esophagitis. Radiographs were reviewed for evidence of aspiration pneumonia (AP) and to calculate the relative esophageal diameter. Details of outcome were collected from the medical records and by contacting owners and referring veterinarians. The association of 6 factors with death before discharge and overall survival time was assessed.

Results-Overall median survival time was 90 days. Nineteen (26.7%) patients died before discharge from the hospital. Radiographic evidence of AP was both positively associated with death before discharge and negatively associated with overall survival time.

An age at onset of clinical signs of > 13 months was negatively associated PF-00299804 molecular weight with overall survival time. No evidence of an association of the degree of esophageal dilation or the use of drugs to prevent or treat esophagitis with death before discharge or overall survival time was found.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Radiographic evidence of AP and the age at onset of clinical signs were the only variables found to be significantly associated with survival time in this study, and this should be considered when advising on prognosis in dogs with megaesophagus. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2011;238:1622-1628)”
“Electrodeposited thin films of Fe on GaAs with (100), (110), and (111) orientation are composed of quasisingle crystalline mosaic nanoregions, probably because of defects arising from the coalescence of separately nucleated epitaxial regions. The epitaxy is promoted by the use of an ammonium sulfate electrolyte buffer and a substrate oxide etch in dilute ammonium hydroxide.

Then the functionalized polysiloxane was submitted to complex wit

Then the functionalized polysiloxane was submitted to complex with 1, 10-phenanthroline and lanthanide ions (Tb(3 broken vertical bar) and Eu(3 broken vertical bar) ions, respectively) to obtain two luminescent functionalized polysiloxanes. The molecular energy transfer process takes place within these systems in terms of sensitized functions of 1, 10-phenanthroline. Narrow-width green and red emissions were achieved. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 1884-1888, 2012″

many eukaryotes, spliceosomal introns are able to influence the level and site of gene expression. BV-6 manufacturer The mechanism of this Intron Mediated Enhancement (IME) has not yet been elucidated, but regulation of gene expression is likely to occur at several steps during and after transcription. Different introns have different intrinsic enhancing properties, but the determinants of these differences remain unknown. Recently, an algorithm called IMEter, which is able to predict the IME potential of introns without direct testing, has been proposed. A computer program was developed for Arabidopsis thaliana and rice (Oryza sativa L.), but was

only tested experimentally in Arabidopsis by measuring the enhancement click here effect on GUS expression of different introns inserted within otherwise identical plasmids. To test the IMEter potential in rice, a vector bearing the upstream regulatory sequence of a rice beta-tubulin gene (OsTub6) fused to the GUS reporter gene was used. The enhancing intron interrupting the OsTub6

5′-UTR was precisely replaced by seven other introns carrying different features. GUS expression level in transiently transformed rice calli does not significantly correlate with the calculated IMEter score. It was also found that enhanced GUS expression was mainly due to a strong increase in the mRNA steady-state level and that mutations at the splice recognition sites almost completely abolished the enhancing effect. Splicing also appeared to be required for IME in Arabidopsis cell cultures, Ruboxistaurin nmr where failure of the OsTub6 5′ region to drive high level gene expression could be rescued by replacing the poorly spliced rice intron with one from Arabidopsis.”
“Acrylic acid was crosslinked with N,N’-methylenebisacrylamide followed by a reaction with hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) to form a new hydrogel, Gel (2). Water absorbance rate and retention of Gel (2) were characterized. At the same time, factors affecting absorbance rate such as pH, temperature, and ions concentration were studied. The rate decreased with decreasing pH and increasing ions concentration, whereas increased with raising temperature. The effect of the hydrogel on bacterial (Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli) viability and growth rate was determined. Gel (2) has achieved a 5 log reduction on both E. coli and S. aureus in 2 h while no cells were detected after 3 h in case of S.

Revision PLF pose the additional challenges of a less than ideal

Revision PLF pose the additional challenges of a less than ideal fusion environment and a limited quantity of autogenous bone graft. rhBMP-2 and BMAA have been shown to be acceptable bone graft substitutes in several primary orthopedic procedures. The role of these bone graft substitutes in instrumented revision PLF has yet to be determined.

Methods. Sixty-two patients (125 levels) who underwent instrumented JPH203 mouse revision PLF with a minimum 2-year follow-up were included. Group 1 contained 24 patients (13 single-

[group 1A] and 11 multilevel [group 1B]) who underwent instrumented revision PLF using rhBMP-2 on an absorbable collagen sponge. Group 2 included 18 patients (7 single- [group 2A] and 11 multilevel [group 2B]) with procedures using BMAA. Group 3 consisted of 20 patients (10 single- [group

3A] and 10 multilevel [group 3B]) with procedures using autograft. Demographic, surgical, and clinical data were collected from medical records. Time to solid fusion mass formation, fusion rate, complications, and clinical outcomes were evaluated. The progression of the fusion mass was evaluated by reviewing radiographs. A diagnosis of nonunion was based on exploration during an additional revision surgery or evidence of nonunion on dynamic radiographs or computerized tomography. Clinical outcomes were assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS) before surgery and at 6-week, 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-ups.

Results. Overall fusion rate was 93.5% (58/62). All single-level MDV3100 revision PLF achieved solid fusion. Groups 1B and 3B achieved 100% fusion, (11/11) and (10/10), respectively; whereas group 2B had a fusion rate of 63.6% (7/11). Group 1 also developed a solid fusion mass earlier than the other groups. There was a significant decrease between preoperative and 2-year postoperative VAS scores in all groups, but no significant difference

among groups. Three patients in group 2 required an additional revision surgery.

Conclusion. rhBMP-2 may be an appropriate alternative to autogenous bone graft in both single- and multilevel revision PLF, whereas BMAA may be appropriate as a substitute in single- level revision PLF. The use of BMAA in single- level revisions may be a more cost-effective option than rhBMP-2.”
“Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare X-linked autistic-spectrum neurological disorder associated with impaired energy metabolism, seizure susceptibility, progressive social behavioral regression, and motor impairment primarily in Young girls. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of restricted diets, including a ketogenic diet (I(D) and a standard rodent chow diet (SD), on behavior in male MecP2(308/y) mice, a model of RTT. The KD is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that has anticonvulsant efficacy in children with intractable epilepsy and may be therapeutic in children with RTT.

This article focuses on the characteristics, localization and met

This article focuses on the characteristics, localization and metabolism of intranuclear lipids. This article describes the examples of their function that have Selleckchem Danusertib been discovered so far and an additional function, which has emerged from recent insights; some lipids associated with the inner nuclear membrane are organized to form a platform for DNA duplication and transcription

that could play a role in health and disease.”
“A fortified beverage powder intended for developing countries was composed of vitamins, minerals, sugar and orange flavor. Organic acids were also added as food additive. The antibacterial efficacy of reconstituted beverage was tested on three strains of enterobacteria (Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhi and Serratia liquefaciens). The antibacterial efficacy of beverage containing organic acids (ascorbic and citric acids) as compared to the same beverage containing

mineral acid was successfully demonstrated. The greatest inhibitions of bacterial growth were observed in the presence of organic acids. The antibacterial activity was significant depending on initial bacterial concentration and time of contact. However, S. liquefaciens was not detected in the beverage containing organic acids regardless of the bacterial concentration added. At a concentration of 10(3) cells/mL, the bacterial population PND-1186 nmr of S. liquefaciens, E. coil, S. Typhi and the mixture of the three bacteria reached an undetectable level in the beverage containing organic acids after 5, 180, 180 and 60 min of contact, respectively. The inhibitory effect of pathogenic bacteria was closely related to the reduction of the beverage pH and to the concentration of undissociated organic acids. Blebbistatin ic50 (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Pre-eclampsia is a hypertensive disorder associated with proteinuria appearing during the second half of pregnancy. It is also a state of increased insulin resistance and sympathetic

overactivity. The most common lipid abnormalities are hypertriglyceridemia and increased circulating free fatty acids, which can precede the onset of the disease. The other abnormalities include low HDL-C (especially HDL-2-C) and a relatively high small density LDL-C level. These lipid/lipoprotein abnormalities may enhance endothelial dysfunction, which is the major pathogenetic factor of pre-eclampsia. These lipid/lipoprotein abnormalities may enhance endothelial dysfunction during pre-eclamptic pregnancy by increased free fatty acids and oxidative stress, by the blunting of nitric oxide-dependent tone and by impairing the prostacyclin:thromboxane ratio. These abnormalities resolve after delivery, but may ‘return’ if the woman becomes insulin resistant de novo with weight gain and/or loses ovarian estrogen production.

MethodsThis retrospective chart review assessed the incidence and

MethodsThis retrospective chart review assessed the incidence and characteristics of bacterial and fungal infections in patients who underwent SB/MV transplant at our center between April 2004 and November 2008. Patient data were retrieved from computerized databases, flow-charts, and medical records.


total of 40 adult patients with a mean age of 38.713.4years received transplants during this period: 27 patients received isolated SB, 12 received MV, and 1 received SB and kidney. Our immunosuppressive regimen included basiliximab for induction, and tacrolimus, sirolimus, and methylprednisolone for maintenance therapy. The most common indications for transplant were SGS, intestinal ischemia, Crohn’s disease, trauma, motility disorders, and Gardner’s syndrome. We report a 30-day postoperative infection rate of 57.5% and mean time to first infection of 10.78 +/- 8.99days. A total Volasertib ic50 4SC-202 manufacturer of 36 infections were documented in 23 patients. Of patients who developed infections, 56.5% developed 1 infection, 30.4% developed 2 infections, and 13% developed 3 infections. The most common

site of infection was the abdomen, followed by blood, urine, lung, and wound infection. The isolates were gram-negative bacteria in 49.3%, gram-positive bacteria in 39.4%, and 11.3% were fungi. The most common organisms were Pseudomonas (19%), Enterococcus (15%), and Escherichia coli (13%). Overall, 47% of infections were Smoothened Agonist due to drug-resistant

pathogens; 31% of E.coli and Klebsiella species were extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing organisms, 36% of Pseudomonas was multidrug resistant (MDR), 75% of Enterococcus was vancomycin resistant, and 100% of Staphylococcus aureus was methicillin resistant.

ConclusionThese findings demonstrate that bacterial and fungal infections remain an important complication in SB/MV transplant recipients within the early postoperative period. Infections due to MDR organisms have emerged as an important clinical problem in this patient population.”
“Objective: Despite mounting evidence supporting the use of psychosocial interventions to promote adaptation to cancer, enrolling participants into these interventions is challenging. This is particularly salient for couple-based interventions, and newer, more targeted recruitment strategies to increase enrollment are needed. However, there have been few published empirical studies focused specifically on recruitment-related variables associated with enrollment into these types of interventions. To better understand how to encourage participation in couple-based psychosocial interventions for cancer, we examined facilitating and impeding factors to enrollment into a couple-based intervention for women with early-stage breast cancer.