\n\nResults and conclusion: Significant differences in genotype, allele and haplotype frequencies of PRNP 1368 polymorphism were not observed between AD and normal controls. There were no significant differences
in the genotype and allele frequencies of the PRNP 1368 polymorphism between Korean VaD patients SIS3 and normal controls. However, in the haplotype analysis, haplotype Ht5 was significantly over-represented in Korean VaD patients. This was the first genetic association study of a polymorphism outside the coding region of PRNP in relation to AD and VaD.”
“Manganese superoxide dismutase (leMnSOD) cDNA was cloned from the Antarctic bivalve Laternula elliptica. The full-length cDNA of leMnSOD is 1238 bp in length and contains an open reading frame of 681 bp encoding 226 amino acid residues including a putative mitochondrial
targeting peptide of 26 amino acids in the N-terminal region. The calculated molecular mass is 24.8 kDa with an estimated isoelectric point of 6.75. leMnSOD signatures from 185 to 192 (DVWEHAYY) and four conserved amino acids (H52, H11, D185, and H192) responsible for binding manganese were observed. Sequence comparison showed that leMnSOD had high levels of identity with MnSOD from Haliotis discus discus, Mizuhopecten yessoensis, and Crassostrea gigas (68%, 66%, and 59%, respectively). RT-PCR analysis revealed the presence of leMnSOD transcripts in all tissues examined. Quantitative real-time Nutlin 3 RT-PCR assay indicated that treatment with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) significantly increased leMnSOD mRNA expression in an organ-, time-, and dose-dependent manner. The mRNA expression with exposure to PCBs at 0.1
and 10 ppb reached the highest level at 6 h and then recovered slightly from 6 to 48 h in the gill. In contrast, the expression of leMnSOD mRNA showed a Selleckchem Milciclib different expression pattern related to PCB concentration in the digestive gland. The mRNA expression at 0.1 ppb PCBs increased up to 12 h and then decreased by 48 h, but increased immediately at 10 ppb PCBs. The leMnSOD was overproduced in Escherichia coli and purified. The recombinant leMnSOD showed maximum activity at pH 9.0, and it retained more than 50% of its original activity after incubation for 30 min at 40 degrees C. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“This study was performed to test whether children born small for gestational age (SGA) with catch-up growth (CUG) could be 3 associated with the early development of insulin resistance and the beta-cell dysfunction and to explore the impacts of height CUG and weight CUG on the insulin resistance in a Chinese population.