Emergency cesarean delivery was performed for labor dystocia. Here we discuss the merits and limitations of transabdominal, S63845 datasheet transvaginal and translabial ultrasound examinations in assisting clinical diagnosis of non-vertex malpresentation. We propose the use of intrapartum translabial scan in documentation, counseling and education in case of unusual non-vertex malpresentation.”
“Vascular retinopathy is the consequence of vascular disease, and the retina is the only place where the arteries can be visualized directly. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive
value of retinal vascular findings for carotid artery atherosclerosis. From December 2009 to January 2011, the carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and total plaque area (TPA) were measured in 179 consecutive patients, who received a fundoscopic examination. The patients were divided into groups as follows: normal retinal artery (normal; n = 44), diabetic retinopathy (DR; n = 25), retinal artery
occlusion (RAO; n = 17), retinal vein occlusion (RVO; n = 67), and hypertensive retinopathy (HTN-R; n = 26). The subjects ATM Kinase Inhibitor concentration were classified according to the presence of an increased (>= 1 mm) IMT and plaque. The values of the mean carotid IMT in the patients with vascular retinopathy (DR, 0.87 +/- 0.14 mm; RAO, 1.18 +/- 0.47 mm; RVO, 0.84 +/- 0.14 mm; HTN-R, 0.90 +/- 0.20 mm) were significantly increased compared with those in the normal subjects (0.77 +/- 0.13 mm). A total 77 of 135 vascular retinopathy patients demonstrated an increased IMT (57 www.selleckchem.com/products/VX-770.html %), and 97 vascular retinopathy patients had carotid artery plaque (72 %). The relative risk of vascular retinopathy in the prediction of an increased IMT and the presence of plaque was 2.79 and 3.95, respectively. Although The TPA was significantly increased in the patients with RAO (1.87 +/- 2.67 cm(2)) and RVO (0.27 +/- 0.23 cm(2)) compared with the normal subjects (0.18 +/- 0.23 cm(2), all Ps < 0.05), there was no significant difference in the ipsilateral carotid IMT and TPA of the affected eye compared with that of the contralateral eye. In conclusion, vascular
retinopathy demonstrated a good predictive value in identifying asymptomatic carotid artery atherosclerosis, and this was not confined to the ipsilateral carotid artery of the affected eye. Further recommendations with regard to carotid atherosclerosis screening in patients with vascular retinopathy should be considered.”
“Objectives: Understanding the interactions between allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma is important for asthma management. This study explored the clinical features of AR as a comorbidity in Chinese asthmatic patients and its impact on asthma control. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted among 20 051 patients with asthma in an out-patient setting and covered all of the territories of China. The patients were interviewed face-to-face.