They were maintained in well-ventilated room temperature with relative humidity of 45–55% and natural 12 h: 12 h day–night cycle in propylene cages. All the experiments were carried out between 10:00 am and 2:00 pm. The animals were housed for one week, prior to the experiments to acclimatize laboratory temperature. Food not water was withdrawn 3 h before and during experiment. The drugs used were Cilostazol (Cilodoc, Lupin Laboratories, India), Gabapentin (Gabapin, Intas Pharmaceuticals, India), Vincristine sulphate injection (Vinkem Labs, India). All chemicals and reagents used were of analytical
grade. Cilostazol was made into Alisertib cell line suspension in 10% aqueous Tween 80 for oral administration and Gabapentin was suspended in 0.25% of carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC) in 0.9% saline solution and were freshly prepared prior to administration. Animal dose was calculated according to the body mass surface ratio.8 CZ was administered at a dose of (40, 20 mg/kg, p.o) and GBP was administered at a dose of (100 mg/kg, i.v). VC was administered at a single dose of 100 μg/ml9 to all the group of animals on the first day of the study. Drugs were administered for 5 days of the study. Mechanical hyperalgesia and mechanical Allodynia was determined prior to and after 5 days of vincristine treatment. The control
animals received 10% Tween 80 in 0.9% saline solution. All the parameters were performed to all the groups i.e. control as well as drugs treated. Mechanical hyperalgesia was evaluated by pin prick test10 and tactile allodynia was assessed by lightly stroking the injured learn more leg with a paintbrush and the response was recorded.11 Statistical significance test was done by ANOVA followed by Dunnett’s ‘t’test. Values were considered significant when p < 0.01. All data were expressed as mean ± S.E.M
of 6 animals per group. When compared to the baseline readings, the 5th day (after vincristine administration) readings showed a decrease in the paw withdrawal latency indicating the development of mechanical hyperalgesia.9 In contrast, CZ (20 mg/kg & 40 mg/kg) treated animals reversed mechanical hyperalgesia on 5thday (after vincristine nearly administration) at both doses. However standard (Gabapentin) showed significant attenuation of mechanical hyperalgesia at 5th day. Results are shown in Fig. 1. The baseline paw withdrawal frequencies determined by mechanical stimulation with paintbrush was enhanced at 5th day.9 When compared to the baseline readings, the 5th day (after vincristine administration) readings showed an increase in the paw withdrawal frequency indicating the development of mechanical allodynia. CZ at both doses (20 mg/kg & 40 mg/kg) decreased the allodynic score on 5th day (after vincristine administration) at both doses. However standard showed significant attenuation of mechanical allodynia at 5thday. Results are shown in Fig. 2.